The cause of alcoholism is not well-established. There is growing evidence for genetic and biologic predispositions for this disease. First-degree relatives of individuals with alcohol use disorder are four to seven times more likely to develop alcoholism than the general population.
Usually, a variety of factors contributes to the development of a problem with alcohol. Social factors such as the influence of family, peers, and society, and the availability of alcohol, and psychological factors such as elevated levels of stress, inadequate coping mechanisms, and reinforcement of alcohol use from other drinkers can contribute to alcoholism. Twice as many men are alcohol dependent.
Alcoholism is a disease. It is often diagnosed more through behaviors and adverse effects on functioning than by specific medical symptoms. A team of professionals is often needed to treat the alcohol-dependent person. The physician usually plays a key role in medical stabilization and facilitating treatment entry. Others are routinely needed beyond the initial management (for example, alcoholism counselors, social workers, physicians specializing in psychiatry, family therapists, and pastoral counselors.)
Treatment of alcoholism can be divided into three stages. Initially, the person must be medically stabilized. Next, he or she must undergo a detoxification process. And, finally, they will need long-term abstinence and rehabilitation. People suffering from alcohol use disorder must first make the decision to stop using alcohol. Without such a resolve, achieving long-term sobriety is unlikely.
Tips for Managing Stress
During these challenging times, it is important to focus on managing your stress before it manages you. When you feel anxious and uncertain, change your focus to something positive. Activity and exercise are great stress busters. Walking 2 miles can burn 240 calories, jumping rope for 15 minutes – 225 calories, and cycling for an hour – 250 calories. Build your resolve and your strength.
Time Management in Unusual Times
We are used to helping others, but now we are home taking care of ourselves. So, it is important to remember that we are taking care of others by staying home. Our lives have changed. Here are some ideas to keep you busy, connected and productive in the coming weeks.
- Plan to do or learn something new every day.
- Stay in contact with your friends and family. A call to check in, a note in e-mail, on Facebook or in the mail will keep you connected.
- Take on the projects you were planning to do but kept putting off. It is spring, so de-cluttering your life, cleaning your closets or drawers or updating a room in your house will raise your spirits.
- Enjoy your hobbies or favorite crafts. Singing, playing an instrument, sewing, photography, scrapbooking, and gardening are all good for the soul.
- Card games and puzzles are a great way to relax and enjoy time with your family.
- A self-spa treatment or pedicure improves self-esteem.
- Meditation, Yoga, and Thai Chi are good for the mind.
GFWC-NC wishes you and your family good health. Stay informed and safe. We look forward to seeing you soon!